On 16 MAY 2019 | BE AWARE
What is Nipah Virus Infection?
The Nipah Virus (NiV) is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae - genus Henipavirus
Niphah is an enveloped single stranded RNA Virus that can cause Encephalitis or inflammation of the brain
Mortality rate of Nipah virus infection is 50 - 70%
How Does Nipah Virus Spread?
Direct contact with infected bats, pigs (saliva, excreta)
Direct contact with Nipah virus infected people
Consumption of raw date palm sap contaminated with infectious bat excretions
What are the signs and symptoms of Nipah infection?
Incubation period of Nipah Virus ranges from 5 - 14 days
The illness presents in 3-14 days with fever and headache
Respiratory illness / cough
Neurological signs - disorientation and mental confusion
Convulsions; personality changes
Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
The symptoms can progress to coma within 24 - 48 hours
What are the precautions that need to be taken to prevent Nipah infection?
Do not eat fruits that have been bitten / half-eaten by bats, birds or animals
Prevent any contact with bat excreta, including using water from wells contaminated by bats
Avoid consuming Toddy collected in open containers in areas with large bat population
Avoid close contact with domestic animals
Use gloves and personal protection while handling excreta of domestic animals.
Consume only cooked food, avoid raw fruits and vegetables
Avoid close contact with patients with confirmed Nipah virus infection
Do not share clothes, bed linen, towels or utensils with infected persons
Keep a minimum distance of 1 meter (one arm’s distance) and use personal mask while visiting patients in hospitals.
After visiting patients, wash hands with soap and water before eating
Use hand sanitizer to disinfect hands
Avoid touching people who died of Nipah virus infection during cremation
Dr. RAMESH GOMEZ
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